Although some improvements have been made over the past few years, the gender pay gap in the United Kingdom continues to be substantial. This year, the average salary for a man is expected to be around £31,948. For a woman, this will be approximately £10,000 less at £20,843.
In an effort to raise awareness of this inequality, Freetrade has conducted research into how the gender pay gap will impact female investors compared to male investors as it currently stands.
The study asks: If both men and women were to invest the recommended 10% of their average salaries every year, how much more money would male investors have by 2030 compared to female investors?
Based on an expected 4.9% return on investment per annum, women across the UK who began investing 10% of their average salary in 2020 stand to have an average savings pot of £28,786 by 2030. However, a man investing the same percentage of their salary in 2020 is estimated to have grown their savings to £44,123. This means the gender pay gap will leave female investors £15,336 worse off by the turn of the decade compared to men.
The city with the largest investment gender gap is Lichfield, Staffordshire. Men in Lichfield will have an investment pot worth approximately £24,599 more than women by 2030. This is closely followed by Brighton (£18,946), Lancaster (£17,297) and Derby (£17,265).
The city with the smallest investment gender gap, on the other hand, is Nottingham, although there is still a notable £7,211 difference between what men are expected to generate from investments by 2030 compared to women. Dundee is the second lowest city with £7,301 and Swansea is third with £7,638.
The research also looked at towns and found that the worst area overall was Tunbridge Wells in Kent. Tunbridge Wells’ women who began investing the recommended 10% of their average salary in 2020 could have a portfolio worth £31,370 by 2030. For men, this figure would be over double the amount: £63,999.
Investment continues to be a male-dominated space with 83% of Freetrade’s ISA customers being men, whose ISA portfolios can reach over £250,000 in value, and just 17% being women, with up to £50,000 in ISA savings. Nevertheless, there are hopes that this gap will soon narrow, with a growing number of younger people from diverse backgrounds showing an interest in investment.
Similarly, although the gender pay gap in the UK means that women are currently earning less from investment than men, there is reason to be optimistic as that gap has been steadily closing year on year since 2017. This means that, ultimately, now is a great time for women to research the benefits of investing.
You can start with:
How to invest in the stock market
Savings vs investing - which is better?
Detailed guide to investment risk
How to choose the best investment app
Average salary for men and women in each area in 2020 is from the Office Of National Statistics. Salaries up to 2030 have been calculated based on Office Of National Statistics findings that salaries increase by 1.6% with inflation. It is recommended that 10% of your average salary is invested, according to the Independent. Over the last 119 years, UK stocks have made annualised returns of +4.9% over and above inflation, according to the 2019 Barclays Equity Gilt Study.
This should not be read as personal investment advice and individual investors should make their own decisions or seek independent advice.
When you invest, your capital is at risk. The value of your portfolio, and any income you receive, can go down as well as up and you may get back less than you invest. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.
Eligibility to invest into an ISA and the value of tax savings depends on personal circumstances and all tax rules may change.
Freetrade is a trading name of Freetrade Limited, which is a member firm of the London Stock Exchange and is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered in England and Wales (no. 09797821).
From 11 April, the FX fee charged when trading stocks priced in USD or EUR will change to 0.99% on our Basic plan, 0.59% on our Standard plan, and 0.39% on our Plus plan.
From May, monthly subscription fees will change to £5.99 per month for our Standard plan and £11.99 per month for our Plus plan.
Everything in Basic, plus:
Everything in Standard, plus: